What is a Drain Field?

A dirt pile next to an open septic grate with a hose going underground

A Crucial Aspect

Your septic system is simple yet complex. There are simple elements that help remove and process waste from your home, but all these elements need one another to work properly. For example, an important aspect of septic systems is the drain field, and many people don’t know exactly what it is or how it functions.

What is a Drain Field?

A drain field is a particular area just outside your septic tank. The site is an array of pipes with holes cut in them to allow water to escape.

Drain fields are the last stop for wastewater before it is released back into the earth. First, the waste travels through the septic tank, where liquids and solids separate. The liquid is then pushed through a transfer pipe into the drain field. The drain field further treats the wastewater by letting it leach into the soil and be filtered fully.

Why Do I Need a Drain Field?

The drain field helps regulate wastewater that exits the septic tank. If the water flowed freely, it would be overwhelming for the soil and cause a flood in your yard (which can still happen if your drain field is overloaded).

Also, if the drain field doesn’t process wastewater properly, it can cause a clog that will send sewage into your lawn or back through your toilets and sinks.

Potential Drain Field Issues

Now that you know how a drain field works, it’s important to watch for any potential problems that may arise. Here are some common signs that an issue exists within your drain field:

  • Wastewater or sewage is backing up into your toilet, sink, or shower drains
  • Puddles of water on your lawn, even in dry weather
  • Patches of grass that are brighter than normal and feel soft
  • A strong sewage odor coming from your drains or around your septic tank

If you notice any of these problems, it’s crucial that you call your local septic professional to prevent the issue from escalating.

Gold Standard Septic Services

For all your septic and plumbing needs, go with the team at Brownie's Septic and Plumbing, LLC. Our experienced and knowledgeable technicians are only a call away at (407) 890-0116!

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